UNM Department of Surgery

Department of Surgery
Vascular Surgery Division

UNM School of Medicine
MSC 10 5610
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131
Phone: (505) 272-5850

Vascular Surgery

Venous / Vein Disease

What Is Chronic Vein Disease?

Venous disease causes the internal walls of the leg veins to deteriorate and the small valves to become defective and incompetent. When a valve is incompetent, in either the deep or the superficial vein Varicose veinsystems, blood flows back towards the foot and begins to pool. This process is known as “reflux.”

When superficial veins have incompetent valves, the deep veins are forced to carry more blood to the heart. This causes the veins to expand and the valves may not close properly. When this occurs, especially in cases of severe varicose veins, the deep vein system can also become incompetent. Therefore, when blood is no longer being pumped effectively away from the lower legs, the peripheral veins will not empty, even when walking. They remain filled with blood and the pressure in the vein never decreases. This condition is known as Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) and can result in conditions such as edema, skin changes and in some cases, ulcerations.

Treating Chronic Vein Disease

Treating Chronic Vein Disease or Chronic Venous Insufficiency is possible with the help of the board-certified vascular surgeons at UNM Vein & Cosmetic Center in Albuquerque, NM. We treat various forms of venous disease including:

  • Varicose Veins
  • Spider Veins
  • Vein issues related to Pregnancy
  • Vein issues related to Lymphedema
  • Vein issues related to Travel
  • Vein issues related to Diabetes
  • Leg Ulcers

Depending on the severity, symptoms of Chronic Venous Disorders (CVD) include:

  • Swelling
  • Heavy feeling in the legs
  • Pain or cramps in the calves
  • Skin discolorations
  • White atrophy
  • Dermatoliposclerosis
  • Dermatitis (skin problems)
  • Dry or weeping eczema
  • Venous leg ulcer (open wound)

There are many causes for Chronic Venous Disorders and not all of them have been clearly identified. If you suspect you have vein insufficiency or any type of venous disease, contact UNM Vein & Cosmetic Center in Albuquerque, NM today and explore your treatment options.